Visit one of Scotland's most-visited tourist attractions, and one of the most attacked fortresses in the world, or at least in Great Britain.
Like Calton Hill, the Edinburgh Castle is another unmissable city landmark, as it dominates the skyline from its position on the Castle Rock. This craggy hilltop has actually been settled since the Iron Ages, and there has always been a royal castle or fortress on that spot since the 12th century.
The castle is today one of Scotland's most-visited tourist attractions, and it also claims the title of being one of the most attacked fortresses in the world, or at least in Great Britain. Researchers have uncovered evidence that it has been involved in about 26 sieges over its 1,100-year old history. Inside the castle, you can learn more about the bloody skirmishes such as the Wars of Scottish Independence in the 14th century and the Jacobite Rising of 1745.
The castle also houses the Honours (Crown Jewels) of Scotland, the Stone of Destiny--a coronation stone and holy relic, the 15th century gun Mons Meg, the One O' Clock Gun and the National War Museum of Scotland. Within the castle grounds you can even find Edinburgh’s oldest surviving building, the tiny and charming St Margaret’s Chapel. In addition to guided tours, visitors can enjoy a self-guided tour with audio handsets available in multiple languages.View Edinburgh & Area