Hadrian’s Wall, also called the Roman Wall, stood for around three centuries as the northern frontier of the mighty Roman Empire, stretching about 74 miles (118 km) from coast to coast in northern England.
The nearly six years' construction began around 122 AD — an effort by Emperor Hadrian to defend Rome’s southern British territory from the unconquerable Caledonians to the north. Of course, with the collapse of the Roman Empire in the 5th century and the arrival of the Dark Ages, the wall was abandoned and some sections were dismantled to be used for building castles and other structures. Today, the remaining parts of the wall are listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Among the best preserved remains is Housesteads Fort, one of 16 permanent bases along the wall. It is considered the most complete ruins of a Roman fort in the UK, helping visitors imagine the life of the approximately 800 soldiers that were stationed here nearly 2,000 years ago.
Another fort to visit is Vindolanda, which was occupied for over 300 years by generations of soldiers and their families. During the summer you can see archaeologists working here. Remains include a 3rd century bath house, a headquarters building, a temple to a Roman god and a mausoleum. The outdoor site also contains a museum displaying a large collection of Roman artefacts found while excavating, such as footwear, textiles, pottery and writing tablets.View Northumberland